In 2020, China is undeniably one of the leading space-faring nations, among the other space pioneering countries which are the USA, Russia, the EU (as a trade block), and to a lesser extent Japan, India and Canada. Yet within this already heterogeneous lot, China is undeniably the odd man out, with a space industry that is notably different from its partners. “Space with Chinese Characteristics”, if you will. In this very first episode of Dongfang Hour, we go over the main differences between China and other spacefaring nations, covering governance, policy, structure of the industry, and international exchanges. We also give a short introduction to what is Dongfang Hour, and, despite the often opaque nature of Chinese aerospace, why we find it fascinating.